understand how the social inclusion of individuals can be supported
The Social Care Institute for Excellence also contributes by co-producing, sharing and supporting best knowledge and evidence of working practice. Examples of social inclusion for people with learning disabilities could include lack of finances, lack of suitable transport, lack of proper support or institutionalisation. Variations in social inclusionR. Providing person-centred active support is as easy as standing behind your client when they pay for items to make them feel at ease and in control. Building awareness is a first step towards real change. This has led to much more collaboration, choice and independence for individuals. We should be aware of non-verbal methods that people use to communicate and adapt ourselves accordingly. Yet for individuals with complex autism there are many additional and often unseen barriers to full social inclusion. support with individuals with learning disabilities Introduction This learning outcome starts out by explaining what is meant by ‘social inclusion’, including a list of activities that people with learning disabilities can be supported to do so that they are more socially included. There are also other ‘protected’ characteristics including gender and age. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, individuals with learning disabilities either lived with family or were forced to live in institutions and asylums, segregated from mainstream communities. Be able to support individuals to make decisions about risks 1. support an individual to recognize the potential risk in different areas of their life 2. support the individual to balance choices with their own and others’ health, safety and Wellbeing Positive risk taking is a process which starts with the identification of potential benefit or harm. You should encourage individuals to complete the tasks that they are able to do as independently as possible and provide some support for those they cannot. By the time you have completed this unit, you will have a good understanding of the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals … It makes it unlawful for an individual with disabilities to be discriminated against. Assignment Help >> Other Subject Support Individuals to be Part of a CommunityLearning outcomes1 Understand how communities can support social However, this is not always possible and advocacy services still have an important role to play. balance citizens’ rights and responsibilities. Therefore, it is important that the pedagogical strategies we employ in the classroom reflect an understanding of social identity development so that we can anticipate the tensions that might occur in the classroom and be proactive about them’ (Ambrose et. Maintaining contact with family and friends, participating in cultural and community activities and using skills all contribute to social inclusion. Registered charities with an annual income over £10,000 must provide annual information to the Commission. The audio book should have been released at the same time as the print book so that it can be enjoined by both people that can and can’t read at the same time. The National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 gave individuals with learning disabilities more control over where they lived by introducing Direct Payments. By now, individuals with learning disabilities were being listened to more and given more respect and choice with their healthcare options. Sometimes a professional such as a healthcare or social worker may need to act as an advocate for an individual. This does not mean that they are unable to communicate but that they communicate in a different way. Understand the importance of risk taking in everyday life 2. Understand how to support individuals during the last days of life: 3: 3: ... 1.3 Explain how practices that support equality and inclusion reduce the likelihood of discrimination ... Assess the individual in a health and social care setting In the 21st century, there are a wider variety of services catered towards individuals with learning disabilities as well as further integration with mainstream activities. This means that individuals with learning disabilities and their families have a lot more control over the care and support that they receive. Similarly, there is the right to not be tortured in an inhuman or degrading way, which means people with learning disabilities should not be forced to live in poor conditions or suffer from neglect. The Care Act 2014 gave local authorities the responsibility to promote all aspects of an individual with learning disabilities wellbeing and provide services in this respect. Other charities such as Mencap and Scope have done a lot of lobbying on behalf of individuals with learning disabilities to help change attitudes and policy. Working with individuals with learning disabilities often means adapting our communication techniques in a way that meets their particular needs to ensure that we are understood. It usually results from positive action taken to change the circumstances and habits that lead, or have led, to social exclusion. If you do not comply with policies, you may leave yourself open to disciplinary action or even litigation (as many policies are written to ensure that workers comply with the law). It is their responsibility to set the laws that are the foundation of society. The Education (Handicapped Children) Act 1970 and Education Act 1981 made education a universal right and that all children should be taught in mainstream schools wherever possible. Up until as recently as the 1970s, large numbers of individuals with learning disabilities were confined to institutions. Explain the consequences of social exclusion for: >Individuals – >Communities – 4. By regularly and proactively seeking verification and clarification during conversations, you can minimise misunderstandings (which is easier than mitigating misunderstandings in the future!). The alternative was being cared for at home by family but there was virtually no support provision for families that chose to do this. At a particular meeting it is decided by the group that the next book that they will all read is a new release. This can include people that have been detained under the mental health act or do not have the mental capacity to make decisions. 1959 saw the introduction of the Mental Health Act, which made living in a ‘hospital’ voluntary unless individuals were classed a danger to others and that community care should be espoused. This was followed by the Mental Capacity Act 2005, which supported individuals with learning disabilities to engages in consensual sexual intercourse. The first Camphill Community was formed in 1940, which took in children with disabilities and provided education to them including skills like basket weaving and baking. Statutory advocacy pertains to individuals that have the legal right to an advocate and one will often be appointed to represent them. The media with its wide-reaching audience also has a part to play in promoting positive attitudes towards people with learning disabilities. Following this the authors’ interpretations of data were presented for discussion within one … Essentially, you should show respect to the individuals that you communicate with by being open and honest, speaking to them as an adult and conveying your message in a way that they can process and understand. This is normal and should not be avoided. The 1960s and 1970s saw many factors that would eventually lead to a review of services for people with learning disabilities, including: In the 1980s, more individuals with learning disabilities were relocated to local communities and the hospitals began to close, culminating in the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990, which put the onus on local authorities to support them to stay in the community. Over time, you should introduce new skills so that they can become even more independent. And the right to marry and start a family means that people with learning disabilities are no longer regarded as not having the capacity to have intimate relationships and have children. Explain the benefits of social inclusion for: >Individuals – >Communities – 3. People with learning disabilities engaged in conversation with staff, children and members of the public. In the 1930s there was a campaign for voluntary sterilisation for people with learning disabilities, which was also a recommendation of the the Brock Report. Learning disabilities affect intellect and should not be confused with learning difficulties (such as dyslexia), which do not affect intellect. A Paid Relevant Person’s Representative (PRPR) is an example of a statutory advocate. It usually results from positive action taken to change the circumstances and habits that lead, or have led, to social exclusion. This is where an individual with similar disabilities or experiences advocates for a person. A learning disability occurs when the brain is still developing, either before birth (prenatally), during birth or during early childhood. Person-centred approach • Recognising individuality . that may indicate that they are either not listening or not understanding. The Care Act 2014 puts the responsibility on local authorities to promote the wellbeing of individual’s that require care. Ensure that you actively listen and take all of their points on board. In the eyes of the law, all individuals have the same fundamental rights and freedoms as set out by the Human Rights Act 1998. Sadly, it was rarely enforced and the disabled register was inaccurate. This may be because the individual is unable to express their views or feels that their voice is not being heard. Advocacy (provided by advocates) is an independent service that ensures that an individual has their say on issues that are important to them, input into their care provision and their rights defended. However, many of these services were not tailored to individual needs and kept individuals with learning disabilities segregated from the wider community. And there may be an associated financial burden to ensure that the individual receives the care that they need. Support can be provided in a range of different locations, as listed below. Research demonstrates participating in society and having people you can rely on are key determinants of health and wellbeing and one of the most powerful predictors of positive outcomes following exposure to trauma. As workers in the health and social care industry, we are governed by several rules and guidelines. Standard 9: Awareness of Mental Health, Dementia and Learning Disabilities, Standard 15: Infection Prevention and Control, Implement Person-Centred Approaches in Care Settings, Safeguarding and Protection in Care Settings, Health, Safety and Well-Being in Care Settings, Understand the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities, Promote Personal Development in Care Settings, Promote Equality and Inclusion in Care Settings, Promote Person-Centred Approaches in Care Settings, Promote Health, Safety and Wellbeing in Care Settings, Promote Effective Handling of Information in Care Settings, Identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities, Explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families, Explain what is meant by ‘learning disability’, Give examples of causes of learning disabilities, Describe the medical and social models of disability, State the approximate proportion of individuals with a learning disability for whom the cause is ‘not known’, Describe the possible impact on a family of having a member with a learning disability, Explain the types of services that have been provided for individuals with learning disabilities over time, Describe how past ways of working may affect present services, Identify some of the key changes in the following areas of the lives of individuals who have learning disabilities: a) where people live b) daytime activities c) employment d) sexual relationships and parenthood e) the provision of healthcare, Explain the meaning of the term ‘social inclusion’, Explain the meaning of the term ‘advocacy’, Describe ways to build empowerment and active participation into everyday support with individuals with learning disabilities, Explain how attitudes are changing in relation to individuals with learning disabilities, Give examples of positive and negative aspects of being labelled as having a learning disability, Describe steps that can be taken to promote positive attitudes towards individuals with learning disabilities and their family carers, Explain the roles of external agencies and others in changing attitudes, policy and practice, Identify ways of adapting each of the following when communicating with individuals who have learning disabilities a) verbal communication b) non-verbal communication, Explain why it is important to use language that is both ‘age appropriate’ and ‘ability appropriate’ when communicating with individuals with learning disabilities. Typical causes are: The medical and social models of disability are contrasting ideas about the reasons for barriers to independence encountered by people with disabilities. The medical model of disability would say that the barrier to participation is the individual’s learning disability. Furthermore, there was no distinction made between people with learning disabilities, people with mental health conditions and criminals, all being viewed as a drain on society and forced to live together. It was still common practice to force patients to take medication. Social inclusion is defined by the Charity Commission as: Social inclusion is often used to describe the opposite effect to social exclusion. They make sure you’re heard and are called advocates. In addition, the attitudes of people of the time judged individuals with learning disabilities to be asexual. So, by promoting empowerment and active participation as part of your work, you can support individuals with learning disabilities to maximise their opportunities and achieve their true potential. Some things to consider are: To communicate effectively with individuals with learning disabilities, you should ensure that the language that you use is both age and ability appropriate. During verbal communication with individuals with learning disabilities there are several things you may need to consider: Not all communication is verbal and some individuals with learning disabilities can only communicate via non-verbal means. Van Asselt et al. This eventually resulted in a massive shift during the 1980s of people moving out of institutions and into mainstream society. It wasn’t until the Human Rights Act 1998 that individuals with learning disability had legislation to turn to, particularly article 8 which grants everyone the right to respect for private and family life – this is a broad term which includes the right to your sexuality, your body and forming and maintaining relationships. However, it is only currently available in print format, with the audio book not being released for another four weeks, resulting in the individual being unable to participate. Persons with ID in supported independent living tend to experience more social inclusion, possibly through the combination of the increased opportunities for social inclusion … Our relationships with family and friends define and shape who we are; Family and friends provide all sorts of help and support, from small to big things; Having positive relationships with family and friends makes us happier and healthier; Much of what we know about the world, we learn from our family and friends; Family and friends provide us with 'social capital' – material and non-material resources that we can use to achieve things we cannot achieve on our own; Through existing friends, we can get to meet new friends; a Failure to do so can leave services antiquated and put the most vulnerable people in our society at risk. After giving an individual some information, it is a good idea to ask them if they have understood what you are saying. Helping them to challenge decisions that are made about them by others. The NHS defines a learning disability as: A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate. If somebody appears to require care, the local authority must carry out an assessment focusing on their individual needs, outcomes and wellbeing and involve the person in the process (person-centred planning). Then, in 1944, the Disabled Persons (Employment) Act stated that employers with 20 or more staff must have 3% of them as registered disabled. understanding social inclusion for adults with IDD, longitudinal studies can be undertaken to deter- ... support individuals to avo id abusive situations and. The negative aspects of using the label ‘learning disability’ are: Positive attitudes towards individuals can be promoted using a variety of strategies. The Human Rights Act 1998 and Equality Act 2010 reinforced this. It may be that they have been through a similar situation and have a wider understanding of it, especially about how it affects the particular individual personally, and so are able to offer guidance and support. Involving older people at all levels of service planning and delivery is an important part of getting it right. Non-instructed advocacy is when the individual is unable to express their desires to the advocate. An individual may use one or more of them at different times in their lives depending on their personal needs and circumstances. The advocate will express the individual’s desires clearly and succinctly, ensure that they are listened to and help to ensure that they are actioned. Sometimes you may even find that individuals appear to listen intently and nod whilst you are talking but have no clue what you are talking about (I am guilty of this myself, very regularly!). 1. And the British Institute of Learning Disabilities do not give an exact proportion but do say: … for many who are diagnosed with having a general learning disability, the cause remains unknown. These are appointed by the local authority when individual is unable to make their own decisions and they have no family or friends that can support them. The Mental Health Act 2007 and Mental Capacity Act Code of Practice helps to ensure that choices are not taken away from individuals with learning disabilities by the people that support them. This includes individuals that are disadvantaged by disability. Sadly, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries many people with learning disabilities were grouped together in institutions or colonies where their basic needs were met but they had very little opportunity to develop or contribute to society. And diversity you need to challenge any abuse and explain why it is about enabling people or communities fully! 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