sustainable livelihood framework fao

/ January 19, 2021/ Uncategorised

The most applied model is the sustainable livelihood approach (SLA) which states that the optimal availability of physical, natural, social, human, and financial assets improves the sustainability of livelihoods (Sati and Vangchhia 2017; Serrat 2017). Afterwards, the basic elements of the Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the Household Economy Approach are presented as livelihood-based frameworks. Sustainable livelihoods and political capital: arguments and evidence from decentralisation and natural resource management in India Eliminating extreme poverty is directly linked to eliminating hunger (SDG 2), as well as other SDGs. If these changes do not occur, then the project has not brought about the kinds of improvements that are significant to the community. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. Although we may be concerned with the livelihood outcomes at the micro level, this does not mean that interventions have to be only at the micro level. The sustainable livelihood framework appreciates the contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and shape communities and households. Although livelihoods are not explicitly accounted for within nexus frameworks, a small but growing body of research has highlighted the value of nexus-based approaches for evaluating the effects of development on livelihoods and for promoting sustainable livelihood practices (e.g. access and located food security in the wider context3 of secure and sustainable livelihoods for the poor. ( 2013 ) focusing on sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) as a framework for understanding and guiding policy-making in coastal and marine social-ecological systems. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss". The analysis should determine which entry point to pursue. Thus, both types of information need to be included in SLA M&E systems. The sustainable livelihoods framework (SLF/SLA) has been widely used in the assessment of livelihoods of communities around natural resource. FAO has established a Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty to orient and bring to bear the relevant work of the Organization towards reaching Target 1.1 of the SDGs. FAO … As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. The sustainable livelihoods framework presents the main factors that affect people’s livelihoods, and typical relationships between these. Contribution to FAO’s strategic Framework: • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Strategic Objectives (SO)/Priorities: The project will contribute to the following Strategic Objectives (SO), Outcomes, and Products: SO2: Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable. These measures may be location specific. Indeed, sustainable livelihood, as a core concept, is conceived in the framework as exogenous, albeit implicitly. The sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework provides a sound basis for indicator selection. It is important not to get hung up on the label, that is, whether you call it SLA, HLS or something else. Since 2011, FAO supports countries in advancing sustainable peatland management through 1) Knowledge sharing and capacity development; 2) Policy guidance; and 3) Technical support at the national and field level, including monitoring, livelihood development; mapping and integrating activities into existing processes, frameworks and institutions. According to the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), “the livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from any adverse situations and sudden shocks, like disaster, and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base” (FAO, 2009; Serrat, 2017). FAO goes further to state that sustainable development cannot be achieved without resilient livelihoods. It is more important to understand what are the underlying principles that govern these types of holistic approaches. These are: Livelihood. When people are not familiar with the terms, labels can create divisions, even when different agencies may be pursuing similar approaches. The problem analysis should determine at which level it makes sense to operate programme activities. If the poor are not involved, then consideration must be given to opportunities for including additional components that address the livelihood needs of the poor. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining natural resource bases. The majority of the Mozambican population lives in the rural areas, where poverty is most prevalent and climate changes show an increasing impact. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. Outcomes are measured to determine how successful households are in their livelihood strategies. International GEF Expert, Home Based provincial level land use planning and development frameworks; (ii) Capacity building, natural resource management and sustainable livelihoods to deliver global environmental benefits in key biodiversity areas (KBAs) at sub-provincial FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations This holistic perspective involves taking into account: Context. Corresponds to the proposed methodology of the tool and the experience of LAP in Latin America and particularly Central America. 5 In this paper, we are using the livelihoods approach as a conceptual tool to re-examine past strategies in fisheries management and development from a perspective different to the … I will try to highlight some of the key issues and trends that I see are taking place as the approach gets operationalized in different settings by different institutions. These are also referred to as adaptive and coping strategies in the food security literature. The sustainable livelihoods approach succeeded in winning the attention of key policy-makers in donor institutions in the early 1990s, DFID in 1997 and the Natural Resources Department, away from the competing knowledge and theory which key individuals have … However artisanal fishers in the main lakes of Africa are faced with several alternative decisions to improve their livelihood sustainably. It is this risk-management aspect that is often overlooked in institutional strengthening efforts. For this reason, SLA programmes must be able to mange partnerships at various levels. It is also useful in assessing the effectiveness of existing efforts to reduce poverty. FAO defi nes resilience as “the ability to prevent disasters and crises as well as to anticipate, absorb, accommodate or recover from them in a timely, effi cient and sustainable manner”1. In its simplest form, this framework visualizes households or communities in a context of vulnerability in which they have access to certain assets or factors; this allows them to reduce this vulnerability or, in other words, to strengthen their resilience (see diagram). It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. The institutions that operate within a given context will be critical to sustainable livelihood outcomes. Single-sector projects/programmes may be the most appropriate avenue to pursue based on a good problem and opportunity analysis. Much of this thinking is derived from the participatory approaches that have become well integrated into the various implementing agencies' activities for project diagnosis and design. This led to a shift from national food security to a concern with the food security and nutritional status of households and individuals. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining natural resource bases. The first section provides a summarised background of recent over time.The sustainable livelihoods framework provides a holistic analytical tool for investigating investment decisions within the context of diverse livelihood strategies (Figure 1). The concept of ‘sustainable livelihoods’ is increasingly important in the development debate. PDF | The Correct title is : "Farming Systems and poverty : improving farmers' livelihoods in a changing world" FAO | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate These include government agencies, civil organizations and the private sector. Policies have considerable impact on people’s livelihoods. The livelihood assets, Since then, numerous development agencies have adopted concepts related to livelihood and have carried out various actions to link it to the effects of development projects focusing on action against poverty. The following report uses the Livelihoods Framework to structure the discussion of how to support sustainable pastoralism. During the 1990s until the present, there has been a shift from a material perspective focused on food production to a social perspective that focuses on the enhancement of peoples' capacities to secure their own livelihoods. These outcomes can be based on normative standards (e.g. It is important to monitor the distribution of benefits to make programme adjustments when needed. national, regional, local) depending on where the greatest leverage can be achieved. Granit et al., 2012, Bouapao, 2012, Rasul, 2014). This document presents a conceptual framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions. In the 1970s, many development practitioners were concerned about the famines that were taking place in Africa and Asia, and a concerted effort was made to put more resources into increasing food supplies globally. The Alkire-Foster multi-dimensional measure was used to quantify livelihood vulnerability based on the capital assets identified in the Sustainable Livelihood Framework and alternative livelihood options explored. In the guide we believe that evaluating the effects of increasing security and legal certainty of tenure, as part of the country’s institutional services, will help strengthen capital (human, social, natural, physical and financial (see the definition of SL) linked to the greater resilience of households in poverty. A specific livelihoods framework and objectives have been developed to assist with implementation, Figure 1: Sustainable livelihoods framework A holistic diagnosis attempts to identify the various strategies people use to make a living and how they cope with stress. The indicators used for monitoring and evaluation are clearly linked to the problem analysis and the objectives. Capacity-building efforts must focus on service delivery as well as risk-management. framework for integrating sustainable, market-driven livelihood strengthening into food security interventions. Livelihood assets At the heart of the framework lies an analysis of the five different types of assets upon which individuals draw to build their livelihoods. 3 were developed on the back of this thinking, of which the most commonly used and ‘conceptually sophisticated’ (according to Pain and Lautze, 2002) is DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) which continues to prove influential today (see Figure 1). There are multiple entry points through which to begin programme activities. One of the key problems that implementing agencies have is allocating time and resources to document the lessons learned. The project should not collect unnecessary data that is not clearly linked to the objective or the problem analysis. Sustainable livelihood. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. They influence the access people have to livelihoods assets and the strategic possibilities for employing these assets to reach favourable livelihoods outcomes. FAO RFLP SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS APPROACHES (SLA) & BASELINE SURVEY DESIGN Phuket, Thailand: April 20th – 25th 2010 Workshop Report Ben Cattermoul IMM Ltd The Innovation Centre As stated earlier, SLA projects/programmes can be either single-sector focused or multisector in scope. One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. A sustainable livelihood approach attempts to take a holistic perspective in determining problems and opportunities for programme activities. What are the social, economic, political, historical, demographic trends that influence the livelihood options of a given population and what are the risks to which they are exposed? DFID sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets Author: DFID Year: 1999 Resource type: Official. Voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests, The LGAF: Land Governance Assessment Framework, Global Land Tool Network: Land Administration and Information, Consortium Research: Women’s Land tenure Security: A conceptual Framework, Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. Livelihood outcomes. Macro-level policy changes can have a significant impact at the local level. Programme information systems should be set up to capture both the intended and unintended consequences of programme activities. People around As a whole, this set of Guidance Sheets attempts to summarise and share emerging thinking on the sustainable livelihoods approach. Criteria derived from participatory approaches are the changes that are meaningful to communities. Household livelihood security is defined as adequate and sustainable access to income and resources to meet basic needs (Frankenberger 1996). However, as we transitioned into the 1980s, many development practitioners realized that even with significant national-level surpluses, many households were still not obtaining adequate amounts of food for a healthy life. 3 Introduction to the livelihoods framework The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. A stakeholder analysis is a critical first step in any diagnosis. For example, in Haiti, Vietnam, and Cambodia, Oxfam America supports the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)—a low external input system that can save farmers seed, reduce water use, and lower greenhouse gas emissions while improving yields. To briefly explain, the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework has four main 1 An ‘asset-vulnerability approach’ is shorthand for a particular way of conceptualizing poverty and vulnerability. A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood … Such measures are critical for donors and governments that need to make resource allocation decisions across regions or countries. The SLF was integrated in its program for development cooperation in 1997. The DFID has developed a ‘Sustainable Livelihood Framework’ (SLF) which is one of the most widely used livelihoods frameworks in development practice. It does not offer definitive answers and guidelines. Sustainable Development Goal 15 is about Life on land. Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP )1, which continues to explore good practice in a range of themes that are relevant to sustainable pastoral development. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. The first section provides a summarised background of recent A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets on which livelihoods depend, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. Similarly, the programme strategy may work with different people in the community than the group we wish to help. nutritional status) or on criteria identified by the communities. What are the various assets (financial, physical, social, human and natural) that households and communities have access to and how are they differentiated and disaggregated? Thus, we can see that the sustainable livelihood approaches in vogue today build on the experiences of the past. Sustainable livelihood. • Adaptable to multiple scales, SL considers stakeholder perspectives in indicator selection. Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. The household evaluation framework is based on the concept of Sustainable Livelihoods (SL), which dates back to the work of Robert Chambers in the mid-‘80s1. It is very difficult in the time allotted to give an overview on all of the work that has taken place on sustainable livelihood approaches over the past several years. Agricultural development has been important in recent years in reducing However, policies developed at central level are often not responsive to the policy needs at local level and, therefore, not conducive to local livelihood strategies. We focus on sustainable agricultural practices to overcome environmental, climate, and technical hurdles while increasing outputs. In the 1980s, criticisms were generated against definitions of poverty based solely on consumption or income levels, which are the basis of poverty line measures. For instance, Ferrol-Schulte et al. It is important to take into consideration that natural resource management interventions that have public benefits do not always have direct benefits for the poor. Participation and empowerment are the basic tenets of the approach. It is important to identify which government, civic and private-sector institutions operate in a given livelihood setting to determine their relative strengths and weaknesses in delivering goods and services essential to secure livelihoods. The purpose of the conceptual framework is to provide a common frame of reference for clarifying and communicating important concepts related to livelihoods and food security, and their relationship with each other, among donors and practitioners. Care must be taken to determine whether the poor are participating in project activities. FAO and Guatemala Partner for Forests, Food Security and Livelihoods story highlights On the occasion of the International Day of Forests, the Government of Guatemala and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) announced a number of agreements to strengthen links between forests and trees and food security, climate change responses, and sustainable development. Institutions and organizations. 19 June 2019, Rome - FAO has … Such outcome measures need to be differentiated and disaggregated across groups, households and individuals. Farming systems research, focusing on the production activities of poor households, also provided a new perspective on the way to view the production and consumption decisions of households. SLA uses a wide variety of participatory tools for diagnosis, programme design and monitoring and evaluation. A central notion is that different households have differ-ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. Household livelihood security. Humanitarian and peace responses can achieve sustainable results only if individuals, households and societies are resilient to conflicts and other shocks. This is why SLA seems so familiar to those who have been involved in systems-oriented approaches such as farming systems research and household food security. The Framework presents FAO forward-looking contribution to maximizing There are a number of definitions currently in use that a number of agencies share in common. Vulnerability is determined by the risks that households and communities are exposed to and their ability to use assets to cope with these risks. This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators. An important part of most livelihood programming activities has been community capacity-building and institutional strengthening. A beta regression model was used to further examine the effect of other socio-economic characteristics on their vulnerability. Some of the first writings on sustainable livelihoods were beginning to appear in the farming systems literature in the late 1980s. The sustainable livelihoods framework The framework, which is presented in schematic form below and discussed in detail in Section 2 of the Guidance Sheets, has been developed to help understand and analyse the livelihoods of the poor. • The five capitals for sustaining livelihoods are the central focus of spatio-temporal measurement. Building livelihood and community resilience Lessons from Somalia and Zimbabwe John Twigg and Margherita Calderone January 2019 Key messages • Resilience-building and livelihood approaches in fragile and volatile environments need adaptive management and flexible programming. There are a number of issues that have arisen in the application of SLA in the past several years. Sustainable Livelihoods Framework “A livelihood comprises the assets (Natural, Physical, Human, Financial and Social Capital), the activities linked to these assets and access to them, (mediated by institutions and social relations) that together determine the living gained by the individual or household” (Chambers and Conway, 1992). Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP )1, which continues to explore good practice in a range of themes that are relevant to sustainable pastoral development. Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) approaches have emerged through debate within a wide range of development agencies over the last decade, and have been incorporated into both DFID and FAO strategies and systems. New Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty launched. The DFID defines a sustainable livelihood (SL) based on capabilities, assets (both material and social resources) and activities required for living. It was determined that many households did not have enough income or resources to exchange for food to meet their food needs. These needs may be addressed by partner organizations and not directly by the project. To tailor interventions appropriately, it is important to determine the variability that may exist across ethnic groups, households and individuals in the pursuit of different strategies. Normative measures are important for targeting and allowing for cross-regional comparisons. The private sector is usually left out of such analyses. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. By having a greater level of security and legal certainty of individual or collective tenure and better access to land administration services, families can make more appropriate decisions about the fate of their assets, such as investing to make their capital more productive, helping to reduce local disputes or strengthening their involvement in local decision-making spaces. It is defined in terms of the ability of a social unit to enhance ... framework which can serve as the basis for an analysis. FAO Policy Learning Programme. Out of this concern, the CGIAR centres were born, and significant increases in food supplies were created through crop research. Resources. It adopted the holistic analytical livelihood framework by: (i) treating the natural resource as just one among several assets4 that people draw upon to make a living. The livelihoods framework also forms the basis for recent policy-relevant empirical research that seeks to capture the cross-sectoral nature of rural people's income-generating and subsistence activities . The concept was developed in the 1990s for the analysis of poverty (Scoones, 1998; Ellis, 2000;Cahn, 2002). 19 June 2019, Rome - FAO has launched a new Corporate Framework on Rural Extreme Poverty to accelerate the UN agency's and its partners' efforts towards eradicating extreme poverty for … Livelihood strategies. The goal of the preparatory project and the strategic programme would be to improve poor rural livelihoods, and the purpose would be to improve the effectiveness of FAO’s information systems in influencing poor people’s livelihoods. Although the SLA emphasizes holistic diagnosis, this does not mean that interventions must be multisectoral. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW 1.1 Sustainable livelihoods: Putting people at the centre of development The livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope and priorities for development. The purpose of the conceptual framework is to provide a common frame of reference for clarifying and communicating important concepts related to livelihoods and food security, and their relationship with each other, among The greatest leverage can be applied depending on where the project has not about... M & E systems communities around natural Resource delivery as well as risk-management of concern. Can have a significant impact at the local level summarise and share emerging thinking on the sustainable livelihoods framework structure. The majority of the target group we wish to help allowing for cross-regional comparisons initiated different. 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