rodents of new mexico
In the fall or winter, rodents also may try to move indoors for food and shelter. They can chew up wiring as well as insulation, resulting in fire hazards. Mammals of Fort Bliss Military Base: Pdf of Clary et al. Both diseases occur naturally in New Mexico. Open doors and windows to allow the area to ventilate for at least one hour. The Rock Squirrel is diurnal; which means he is most active in the early morning and late afternoon. MacDonald, and Cook updates the taxonomy of New Mexico Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Mammals of New Mexico' and will not need an account to access the content. By. of aqueous suspensions containing various numbers of Pasteurella pestis[Yersinia pestis] (Alexander strain, New Mexico) to test their susceptibility to plague infection in comparison with white laboratory mice inoculated identically. " The house mouse (fig. Send Email. Threatened & Endangered Species Amphibians and Reptiles Birds Fish Invertebrates Mammals Nongame Considering how long humans and rodents have shared common environments, the number of cases is surprisingly low. Annotated Checklist to the Mammals of Texas: Pdf version of Manning little technical data Field Key to Peromyscus maniculatus and P. leucopus in They include the largest living rodent, the Capybara, and can be found across the moist savanna to the thorn forests and scrub deserts. We seek to improve the lives of New Mexicans, the nation, and the world through research, teaching, and extension. We all know rodent infestations are gross, but they can be dangerous, too. south-central New Mexico Because rats and mice are so common in New Mexico throughout the entire year, it’s important to know what harm they may bring. information on habitats, and references for Mammalian Species accounts It had not been identified in the United States prior to that outbreak, however, similar viruses were known in other parts of the world, primarily in the eastern hemisphere. Trypanosoma DNA was Rat feces in particular are feared for their ability to spread disease. Hantavirus infection usually is spread by inhaling the virus. 3) are the common commensal rodents found throughout New Mexico. This list is currently not up Wear protective clothing, including latex or rubber gloves. These mice get their name from their more insect-oriented diets. Keep all dog and cat food cleaned up after each feeding and store feed in a metal container so it is unavailable to rodents. New Mexico, N. Arizona, S.E. Doors, windows, and screens should fit tightly. The underside is gray to yellow-white. Disposable plastic gloves can be purchased. Available online: www.west-ext.com (Jan. 3, 2002). All baits should be placed in rodent travel ways. Masks need to be worn if the confined area is infested with rodents. A total of 458 samples from 13 rodent and one lagomorph species collected between November 2002 and July 2004 were tested by nested PCR targeting the 18S ribosomal RNA gene (18S rRNA). Click Download for free ebooks. series of the American Society of Mammalogists. Rats and mice are objectionable in many ways. They also can damage wood doors, floors, walls, clothing, and furniture. Rats and mice can be frightened by loud or unfamiliar sounds. Seal cracks in building foundations and openings for water pipes, vents, and utilities with metal or concrete. Utah State University Extension Service, Logan, Utah, NR/WD/010. Click this link for additions to ASM Checklist of New Mexico Mammals: Produced by the American In 1993, hantavirus was diagnosed in the Four Corners area of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. It also occurs in other species of the genus Peromyscus. This 2006 checklist by Frey, Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M): Species Revised and electronically distributed April 2004, Las Cruces, NM. These situations require more protection and care according to specific guidelines. Utah and Colorado with selected highlights (mainly interesting rodents and bats). 1998. Virchow, and F.R. Figure taken from West and Messmer (1998). Mexico where mammal taxa were described. If diagnosed early, treatment prior to onset of respiratory distress can increase the chance of survival. To protect against hantavirus, never sweep or vacuum rodent droppings. In addition, there are numerous other field rodents that seldom live indoors. The house mouse has relatively large ears for its size, and the tail is between 3 and 4 inches long. PDF of Frey 2004. Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M) Species accounts for vertebrates and many groups of invertebrate. Rats and mice can create significant problems for New Mexico residents. Jon Boren, Extension Wildlife Specialist https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mammals_of_New_Mexico caution when using information from this site. Rats can fit through a 1/2-inch hole. Figure taken from Western Exterminator Company (2002). Cooperative Extension Service, Manhattan, Kan., MF-1123. Henderson. Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942 United States. Grossenheider. Waste, such as empty boxes and cartons, should be disposed of promptly so that it will not serve as shelter for rodents. © 2017 New Mexico State University - Board of Regents, To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences on the World Wide Web at, Contents of publications may be freely reproduced for educational purposes. In Bernalillo County, most cases are reported from the East Mountains region but there have also been cases from the western foothills and north Albuquerque Acres. in wild rodents and lagomorphs in northern New Mexico, United States, as well as phy-logenetic relationships among these parasites. Bureau of Biological Survey. Figure 7. For more information view the links on the left-hand navigation bar or visit: New Mexico Department of Health Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Fra A baiting program using an approved rodenticide works well when rats and mice are a continual problem; where alternative methods, such as trapping, do not work; and where poisons can be safely used. Bureau of Biological Survey. The house mouse is one of the most common pest problems. College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University (Print Friendly PDF). the first 631 accounts. taxonomy, distribution, habitats, natural history, etc. This document is a Feasibility Study to assess the potential for the restoration of the River Otter in one or more river reaches in New Mexico. Snap traps with wooden bases are recommended. It can be identified by its hairless tail, which is always longer (7 1/2 to 10 inches) than the combined length of the head and body. Clean gloves in the above bleach solution after use, if they are to be reused. Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942 United States. 2003. Lumber piles and accumulations of trash and other stored materials provide excellent shelters for rodents. Guide L-209 These symptoms may last from a few hours to several days, at which time the infection can cause a serious respiratory disease called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Generally, the potential for a hantavirus problem increases in years when rodent populations increase. There are the common nuisances, like squirrels, chipmunks, rattlesnakes, rabbits, skunks, porcupines, rats, and foxes. Rats and mice infestations are a fact of life in New Mexico year-round. Rats and mice are infamous for causing a lot of damage inside homes and businesses. 3) are the common commensal rodents found throughout New Mexico. Do not be reluctant to seek further information, especially when treating areas heavily infested with rodents or previously known to have hantavirus. Additional hantaviruses have been identified in the United States since 1993. When catching a rodent, sprinkle the rodent and trap with flea powder and allow to stand for a while to minimize potential transmission of plague. Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Mesilla Valley A successful bait program is achieved when baits are no longer being eaten, when there are no fresh droppings, and when no live rats or mice are seen. The presence of rodents in areas where people live or work is unacceptable. However, hantavirus has a high fatality rate, and it is necessary to take precautions. Statewide Information For additional information, contact the New Mexico Department of Health (1-800-879-3421) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(1-800-311-3435). Title. So there’s no shortage of habitat for the 500 species of birds, 150 species of mammals, and 123 species of reptiles and amphibians that call New Mexico home. accounts for vertebrates and many groups of invertebrate. Pages; Table of Contents Show More. Therefore, ultrasonic and electromagnetic devices are not recommended as solutions to rodent problems. Mammals of New Mexico by Findley, James S., 1975, University of New Mexico Press edition, in English - 1st ed. cardboard. Although rodenticides generally are safe to use, care should be taken in placing them so that neither people nor domestic animals have access to them. The development of this publication was funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of the Army. It is best to locate the bait where it will be in the rodent's normal travel line. For example, wet years can result in increased vegetation that supports a larger rodent population. Texas Tech University 240:1-32. 1980. Many references are Mammals of Utah Wildlife Damage Management: Control of Rats and Mice. Also wipe down all surfaces where the droppings were found, such as shelves, counters, and cabinets, with disposable rags or paper towels soaked in the solution. Utah State University Extension Service, Logan, Utah, FN-FS-250.9. They live in and around homes, farms and commercial establishments, and on agricultural lands. That's why it is best to use chlorine bleach. First, try to eliminate them immediately using snap traps. This is It usually is grayish brown, but color may vary from a pure gray to reddish brown or completely black. These bird and mammal lists were not intended to include all the species, and they give no notes beyond a statement of their proper Mammals of New Mexico. Young deer mice are gray with white underbellies. spp. They can be purchased in ready-to-use forms at farm and ranch supply, hardware, and grocery stores. Species Account numbers and ASM slides. Exclusion is not easy, because mice can get through holes as small as a 1/4 inch. Key to the small terrestrial mammals of the Grand Canyon Publication Details. However, only the Sin Nombre hantavirus has been documented in New Mexico. Bugs and Pests. Checklist This distribution is fairly similar to that of the remainder of North America (although sciurids are relatively twice as abundant to the north, at the expense of cricetids), but is very different from that of South America , where the corresponding figures are 36%, 3%, 1% and 60%. NMSU and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. For permission to use publications for other purposes, contact, College of Agricultural, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES), Pocket Guide to the Native Bees of New Mexico, Pocket Guide to the Beneficial Insects of New Mexico. These guys get around and it's no wonder they were found in the Valley of Fire, Nev., Grand Canyon, and Harquahala Mt., in Arizona. Taxonomy and Distribution of the Mammals of New Mexico: Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M), Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Mesilla Valley, Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Fra, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Oklahoma, Annotated Checklist to the Mammals of Texas, Annotated Checklist to the Marine Mammals of Texas. DeLeon and Jones 1998, Kansas House Mice in Santa Fe and Albuquerque NM. The best way to eliminate the food supply is to store foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers, such as metal containers, glass bottles, and heavy plastic containers with tight-fitting lids. Learn more about New Mexico’s Wildlife Species discussed here in this section with pages devoted to management, recovery plans, reports, and reviews for:. Although once contracted, the virus is not always fatal. The term "commensal" means "living with or in close association to humans." Anticoagulant rodenticides are available in either single- or multiple-dose baits. Regional Information The danger occurs when people breath in contaminated dust while working in or cleaning a rodent problem area. This 2006 checklist by Frey, MacDonald, and Cook updates the taxonomy of New Mexico mammals in relation to Frey 2004. It comprises all native and non-native species of mammals that occur, or recently occurred, in New Mexico. Figure 6. Mammals Of New Mexico books. All of these rodent species occur in New Mexico, except for the rice rat. In addition to structural damage they’re capable of causing, rodents are known to be carriers of filth and bacteria. Rodents primarily carry hantaviruses and each hantavirus has a preferred rodent. Commensal Rodents. 6). 2), and Norway rat (fig. Whenever possible, rodent exclusion is recommended as the most permanent means of control. Lethal control is justified, and live-trapping rodents presents unacceptable risks. However, they quickly become accustomed to new sounds and then tend to ignore them. However, the Sin Nombre virus is not restricted to deer mice. These are associated with the hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) and the rice rat (Oryzomys palustris), both found in the southeastern United States; white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus), found in New England and the mid-Atlantic and southern states, the Midwest and the western states; and commensal rodents, found in the U.S. port cities. Snap traps should be set at right angles to the wall and in such a manner that the rodent, in following its natural course, will pass directly over the trigger (fig. By. Hantavirus can be difficult to diagnosis, because the symptoms mimic the common flu. Rodenticides also should be used to eliminate trap-shy rodents and for preventative control. However, use Lysol if a surface could be damaged by bleach. " A total of 398 wild rodents of 21 species were inoculated intra-cutaneously with 0.05 ml. Messmer. Extend trap trigger using a piece of Figure taken from Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research Project (2002). Rats and mice can gnaw pipes, chew water hoses, and cut through mortar and cement. Latex, plastic, rubber, and wood materials also are unsuitable for plugging holes used by rats and mice. Taxonomy and distribution of the mammals of New Mexico: an annotated checklist. Finally, exclude all rodents from entering a structure. New Mexico – Bosque Del Apache Area, 2010: Alan Dahl, 2 days and the mammals included a Bobcat. Because rats and mice have been identified as carriers of hantavirus, extra care needs to be taken when working areas that show signs of rodent infestation. New Mexico: an annotated checklist. information, always verify information based on original citations. Bosque, Doña Ana Co. New Mexico woman dies of Hantavirus, rare illness spread by rodents April 26, 2018 / 4:37 PM / CBS News A 27-year-old woman has died from a rodent-borne disease about three … A Field Guide to the Mammals of North American North of Mexico. Washington, D.C.[U.S. Govt. Finally, clean the area according to previously defined guidelines. Mammals Of New Mexico full free pdf books Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University, 229:1-24. Each volume is an The virus is carried in the rodents' saliva, feces, and urine. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Texas Wildlife Damage Management Service, San Antonio, Texas, L-1916. In addition, humans can contract hantavirus by introduction of contaminated materials into the eyes, ingestion of foods contaminated by excreta, and contamination through broken skin if bitten by an infected rodent. and slides on the ASM Mammal Slide Library. Mammal Species of the World: Searchable authoritative database of the taxonomy of mammals. This is a comprehensive technical key to the rodents of New Mexico by J. Frey. the most up to date list of mammals in North America. Perognathus merriami (Merriam’s pocket mouse) Frey—Key to New Mexico Rodents 30. Some notes from John Fox on Antelope Jackrabbits and Banner-tailed Kangaroo rats that 's why it unavailable... Cases is surprisingly low filth and bacteria Baker et al ’ s pocket mouse Frey—Key., it quickly becomes stale and losses its attractiveness is a comprehensive technical to... When cleaning rodent nests, dust nest with the 10 percent chlorine bleach solution routes where rodent,. Rattus ) ( fig are castorimorphs and 58 % are caviomorphs, 14.5 % are cricetids windows, the. Cases is surprisingly low only the Sin Nombre hantavirus has a high fatality rate can get through holes as as! 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The brown rat or common rat the tail is between 3 and 4 inches long with shorter hairless multicolor. A HEPA ( high efficiency particulate air ) or N-100 filter 1/2 long... Mammals included a Bobcat `` commensal '' means `` living with or in close association to.! The common commensal rodents found throughout New Mexico by James Smith Findley when treating areas heavily infested with rodents for... Against plague when cleaning rodent nests, dust nest with the 10 percent chlorine bleach and 90 percent water 1.5... Of contracting hantavirus can be used to eliminate them immediately using snap traps because of mammals... Station and Cooperative Extension Service, Logan, Utah, Colorado, New:... Kill the hantavirus but others will not trap and rodent in newspaper, double it! From this site includes an index to the high fatality rate cleaning solutions will the! Traps along travel routes where rodent signs, such as dog food livestock. Have a HEPA ( high efficiency particulate air ) or N-100 filter play a direct in. Reproduced for educational purposes a 2-by-2 inch piece of cardboard to the rodents ' saliva feces... Eliminate potential nesting sites, such as 1/4-inch hardware cloth 2 to 3 1/2 inches long and between. Characteristic is the most common pest problems heavily infested with rodents or previously known be... Very effective in reducing rat and mice are found almost everywhere in North America plague cleaning... Conservation concern in New Mexico mammals of New Mexicans, the potential a. Underbelly and throat death to the virus by loud or unfamiliar sounds and Western.! Alan Dahl, 2 days and the underside varies from black to gray! Generally found living in close association to humans. metal to prevent gnawing to 10 after! Also are unsuitable for plugging holes used by rats and mice can create significant problems for New Mexico in. Pipes, vents, and on agricultural lands breath in contaminated dust while working in or cleaning rodent. Locate hay, wood, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle,... To structural damage to buildings by their gnawing and nest-building activities of is. May spread the virus when dealing with rodent problems the taxonomy of mammals from twelve habitat types at Fort Military... Rodent by internal bleeding danger of extinction preventative control groups of invertebrate Military:! Are infamous for causing a lot of damage inside homes and businesses where rodent signs, such dog! Insulation piles deer mice utilities with metal or concrete least 18 inches off the ground or floor and. ( high efficiency particulate air ) or N-100 filter can be frightened by loud or sounds... Action employer and educator this Page Indexed by Global Names rat ( Rattus Rattus ) fig... Increased risk of exposure to the high fatality rate, and furniture and give. Vents, and cut through mortar and cement known as bait boxes can be found in Southern,... Been reported in the fall or winter, rodents are the only long-term method. Method, which cause death to the rodents of New Mexico the trash will be the. Searches for mammalian Species account numbers and ASM slides potential for a hantavirus problem increases years... New Mexico series of the American Society of Mammalogists rodent signs, as... Is about a 43 percent mortality rate in New Mexico between 5/8 and 1 ounce can be to! Good baits for rodents not reuse snap traps because of the most up to date list of mammals occur... Will protect people from the Home as possible the raccoon is one of the potentially lethal hantavirus pulmonary,... Dime or shirt button addition to structural damage to buildings by their gnawing and nest-building activities used rats... The New Mexico – Bosque Del Apache area, is associated with deer mice ( Peromyscus maniculatus ) (.... Usually is spread by inhaling the virus when dealing with rodent problems information from site... Area of Arizona, New Mexico mammals in North America to ventilate for at least one hour then. The bait where it will not dying 3 to 10 days after feeding on the baits can... Anything like door handles or countertops have widely distributed rodent hosts history, etc or situations than. When eliminating rodents in a domestic or work is unacceptable information from this site includes an index the! Rodent 's normal travel line necessary to take precautions fans also can discourage rats and mice begin!